Population
6,344,722 (2016 estimate)

Gross Domestic Product
$52.666 billion (2015 estimate)

Inflation Rate
2.0% (December 2017)

Currency
United States Dollar (USD)

Calling Country Code
+503

Time Zone
UTC -6:00 (Central Standard Time)

San Salvador (Capital)

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally “Republic of The Savior”), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million, consisting largely of Mestizos of European and Indigenous American descent.

The country’s economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, beginning with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop during the colonial period, and followed thereafter by coffee, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90 percent of export earnings. The country has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying the economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector. The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.